Deleting a column from a multidimensional array in javascript

I have a 2D array:

var array = [["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"]]

I want to delete an entire column of this array (i.e. delete every third element within each array).

There are solutions here and here, but neither of them is in javascript, so I’m having trouble relating the situations.

What’s the best way to approach this problem? I don’t want to use .splice() because in some cases I’ll be deleting multiple columns, and the .splice() method will change the length of the array, so I end up accessing out of bounds.


Try using slice. It won’t alter any changes to your original array

var array = [["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"]]

var x = {
  return val.slice(0, -1);

console.log(x); // [[a,b],[a,b],[a,b]]

This function doesn’t use splice and it removes any column you want:

function removeEl(array, remIdx) {
 return {
         return arr.filter(function(el,idx){return idx !== remIdx});  

Hope this is what you are looking for

Iterate through the array and splice each sub array:

var idx = 2;
for(var i = 0 ; i < array.length ; i++)


I see you don’t want to use splice due to out-of-bounds problems and array length changing.

1.You can check if you’re out of bounds and skip the slice.
2.You can create an array of indexes you want to delete and simply create new arrays from the indexes that don’t appear in that array (instead of deleting, create new arrays with the opposite condition).

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Something like this:

var array = [
    ["a", "b", "c"],
    ["a", "b", "c"],
    ["a", "b", "c"]

var idxToDelete = [0,2];

for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
    var temp = array[i];
    array[i] = [];
    for(var j = 0 ; j < temp.length ; j++){
        if(idxToDelete.indexOf(j) == -1) // dont delete

New JSFiddle.

use the map function and splice function for your solution. like this

var array = [["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"]];

array ={
        // the 0,2 tells the splice function to remove (skip) the last item in this array
        return item.splice(0,2);

// [["a", "b"],["a", "b"],["a", "b",]];

don’t use delete to delete items from a javascript array. the reason is that delete will toss the item but don’t update the internal length variable.


var array = ["a", "b", "c"];

delete array[3];
// ["a", "b"]
// 3

array = array.splice(0,2);
// ["a", "b"]
// 2

use splice this sets the correct length and delete the item of the array.

You can use filter to remove columns without the need to modify the original array.

var array = [["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"]]
var removeIndex = 1

const filtered = => v.filter((_, i) => i !== 1))
// output: [["a", "c"], ["a", "c"], ["a", "c"]]

You can also remove multiple columns with the same approach.

var array = [["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"],["a", "b", "c"]]
var removeIndexes = [0, 2]

const filtered = => v.filter((_, i) => !removeIndexes.includes(i)))
// output: [["b"], ["b"], ["b"]]

splice is cool. It resizes the array as it removes things so you don’t end up with nulls. So using splice you just have to iterate through each row and remove the right element.

var removeCol = function(arr2d, colIndex) {
    for (var i = 0; i < arr2d.length; i++) {
        var row = arr2d[i];
        row.splice(colIndex, 1);

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Useful code snipped that creates an independent copy of an array

use slice method inside map. Here is an example:

let arrayA = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']

let arrayB = => {
      return val.slice()

arrayB[2] = 'Z';

console.log('--------- Array A ---------')

console.log('--------- Array B ---------')

Note: In Angular 10, I used different methods to get an independent copy of an array but all failed. Here are some of them:

arrayB.push(arrayA) // failed    
arrayB = Object.create(arrayA) // failed    
arrayB = arrayA.splice() // failed

All failed methods were copying references along with data.

The answers/resolutions are collected from stackoverflow, are licensed under cc by-sa 2.5 , cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0 .

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